By chance, times are doing us a favor: the Sorbonne Nouvelle University library has just subscribed to the Chicago Defender archive, provided by ProQuest.
To summarize, here are the titles with granted access:
Historical Newspapers: The Chicago Defender 1909-1975
–Chicago Daily Defender (Big Weekend Edition) (1966-1973)
–Chicago Daily Defender (Daily Edition) (1960-1973)
–The Chicago Defender (Big Weekend Edition) (1905-1966)
–Chicago Defender (Big Weekend Edition) (1973-1975)
–Chicago Defender (Daily Edition) (1973-1975)
–The Chicago Defender (National edition) (1921-1967)
–Daily Defender (Daily Edition) (1956-1960)
Indeed, this is likely to be helpful to bring some useful primary sources to highlight trends in Black Music venues and in a broader sense, musical activity (mainly related to the nightlife) in Chicago.
It is now possible to build up a newspaper corpus, based on criteria such as place, name of a person. In this respect, club names appeared meaningful to find knowledgeable articles. A selection of Chicago 1960-1990 era witnesses’ interviews brought us several club names to dig in for more information.
Our first statement is that there was a concomitant moving scene (Motown pop acts from Detroit, MI), which was taking place alongside the traditional inner Chicago blues scene. This might be another question that we did not really think about. Though this has not been measured concretely, the first impression is that the amount of live venues coming from other states is noteworthy. The hypothesis of Detroit “pop acts” influencing or (maybe) softening the Chicago Soul music could be as a consequence considered.
Now is the time to adopt a framework analysis, so that the corpus will bring real value and materiality to our hypothesis. To begin with, Charaudeau’s guidelines for corpus analysis (in a discourse perspective) should be helpful.